facts about mountain gorillas

All the remaining mountain gorillas are found living in their natural home. When gorillas are afraid they send out a powerful scent from their glands. The Virunga is a large area that is characterized by eight volcanoes. They often get caught in snares laid out to trap other animals for bushmeat. Human activities are the biggest threat to their survival. There are approximately 1000 species distributed between the Virunga Mountains and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest. Although they are still vulnerable to human disturbances, the mountain gorilla numbers have gradually increased through years of intensive conservation efforts. They are the next closest living relatives to human beings after the chimpanzees and bonobos. Mountain gorillas are said to have over 98.5% DNA similar to that of humans 3. The park is home to several gorilla families and it is the leading destination for gorilla watching today. Fact 2 – Mountain gorillas are herbivores animals. Gorillas are by far intelligent, utilizing rudimentary tools and sometimes making their own. Despite these displays and the animals' obvious physical power, gorillas are generally calm and nonaggressive unless they are disturbed. The mountain gorilla is a... 2. As they age, the black hair on their backs turns silver, giving them the name “silverback.” Half of this number lives... 2. Mountain gorillas are listed by the IUCN as critically endangered species. Fast Facts About Mountain Gorillas 1. Their food includes a variety of plants, along with a few insects and worms. The gorillas are affected by the overwhelming costs of increased habitat loss, spread of dangerous diseases, and above all, poaching for bush meat and trade. A loud hoot is given when silverbacks are interacting, chest beating and thrashing of trees is used to scare off opponents. A visit to the gorillas in their natural habitat can be an exciting expedition. Mountain gorillas differ from lowland gorillas in a way that they have longer hair and shorter arms than the lowland gorillas and tend to be larger. Mountain gorillas are one of the rarest animals in the world with their population below 1000. where do mountain gorillas live If you want to see and interact with mountain gorillas, you must travel to the tropical rain forests of Bwindi impenetrable forest national park and the Virunga … This learning video for kids is the classroom edition of our Gorillas for Kids video. Check out some interesting facts about mountain gorillas below. All rights reserved. They are one of the largest living primates weighing about 150 Kilograms. Prior to this time, only lowland gorillas were known to exist. 2. The primate contains about 95% to 98% of... 2. The leader organizes troop activities like eating, nesting in leaves, and moving about in a home range of 0.75-to 16 square miles. Mountain Gorillas are among the most threatened primate species in the world today. The mountain gorilla has thicker and darker hair than all other gorillas and gorilla subspecies. Behaviour Social structure. Facts about Male Mountain Gorillas (Silverbacks) The lifespan of a mountain gorilla is approximately 40 to 50 years old. Climate change also poses a threat: While gorillas are adaptive, moving to higher elevations to adapt to warmer temperatures, those areas are densely populated with little forest remaining. They rarely take water because of... 3. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. It has black fur and a hairless face with black skin. As an endangered species that is so close to humans as far as genetics are concerned, gorillas are also one of tourism’s must-see attractions. Facts about Mountain Gorillas. It is our duty to protect the animals from getting extinct and the mountain gorillas are also some of the animals that need serious attention. Catching illnesses from humans is also a threat. This led to the rise of the gorilla population from as few as 720 mountain gorillas in the year 2009 to about 1005 individuals as per the latest census of 2018. Amazing facts about Mountain gorillas. As their name hints, they live in the mountains at elevations between 8,000 and 13,000 feet. These great apes can only survive in the montane forest home  and are protected by the international law for conservation. Lowland gorillas live in the forests of central and western Africa in Equatorial Guinea, Angola, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. These infants ride on their mothers' backs from the age of four months through the first two or three years of their lives. 15 Interesting Facts about Silverback Gorillas Also known as the Mountain Gorilla or the Eastern Lowland Gorilla, the Silverback Gorilla is a form of ape found in African mountain ranges. The female gorillas determine the group size. Aggression. Unlike their powerful parents, newborns are tiny—weighing four pounds—and able only to cling to their mothers' fur. Interesting facts about mountain gorillas – Mountain Gorillas are the endangered primate species living in the dense tropical forests of Bwindi impenetrable forest and Mgahinga gorilla forest in south western Uganda, Bwindi impenetrable forest, harbours over half of the world population of the mountain gorillas and others can be seen in volcanoes national park in … Fact 1 – Mountain gorillas are an endangered species with less than 1000 of them living. Although their name implies that they simply live on mountains, mountain gorillas actually prefer forested mountains.Most of these animals can be found living on green volcanic slopes, which is their preferred habitat. Gorillas can climb trees, but are usually found on the ground in communities of up to 30 individuals. Gorillas live in groups / families devoid of territorial boundaries with a family range of 2 to 15 square miles. 17 Strange Facts about Mountain Gorillas that you need to know 1. They live in varying numbers of about 6-12 individuals with the Silverback as the dominant male with some females, infants and juveniles. A gorilla’s arms are longer than its legs. That is; they will decide on who the members of the group should comprise for instance, they are known to fight with a new member they are not willing to join the group until they keep her out of their group. Mountain gorillas are a subspecies of eastern gorilla (Gorilla beringei). Fun facts about gorillas! Gorillas are special primates that share 98% of their DNA with humans. A trip to see the gorillas is so rewarding and for many have regarded it as being a tour worth while and for a life time. Mountain gorillas are the largest primates on earth whereby a mature male mountain gorilla can weigh about 390 pounds and about 240 – 250 pounds for the mature female mountain gorillas. Mountain gorilla also known as Gorilla beringei beringei and is one of the two subspecies of the eastern gorilla. They also tend to be a bit larger than other gorillas. Such great heights: Mountain gorillas roam the steep mountain forests of four national parks across Uganda, Rwanda, and Democratic Republic of the Congo, at elevations in the range of around 8,000 to 13,000 feet—about the same altitude from which a skydiver jumps out of a plane. Gorillas have large teeth in the back of their mouth that aids in the grinding of foliage, bamboo and bark. Facts about Mountain gorillas are some of the interesting features that a traveler should know before they decide to engage in the gorilla trekking activity. The fact that they are endangered is not the key issue but the interesting things about them make the fact that they are just a few of them in the world left even more worrying. At night the animals make a nest to sleep in. During the hike in search of these primates who exhibit human nature, you will learn more about the gorillas. … And later his work was continued by Dian Fossey from 1967 she studied the behaviors of mountain gorillas for a period of over 18 years and her story has been made the subject of her film, Gorillas in the Mist. The same applies to a member who wishes to leave the group yet other members like her; they often hold her legs and guard her from leaving the group. During this time, they are called black-backs. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) categorizes the mountain gorillas as endangered species. Females weigh half that at about 90 kg ( 200 lb). Mountain gorillas live in Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, on green, volcanic mountains. Interesting Facts about Gorilla Habitat 15) Wild gorillas are only found in a few countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Their thick hair keeps them warm in cold mountain temperatures. The population of Silverbacks are currently on a steady decline, and poachers are playing a major role in this. Male gorillas are considered mature when they begin to breed around the age of 15. A group of gorillas can have a territory of up to 16 square miles (41 square kilometers), acco… The International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which sets the conservation status of species, changed their status from "crticially endangered" to "endangered" in 2008 as their numbers improved. By international law capturing or killing a gorilla is illegal. There are several facts about mountain gorillas in Africa. Mountain gorillas are among the most fascinating animals that live in the forested wilderness of Africa. below are the basic facts about mountain gorillas every traveler must understand before confirming any safari to Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Both genders have similar thick black hair covering their body. They also tend to be a bit larger than other gorillas and have shorter arms. The first scientific study of mountain gorillas in the virunga volcanoes was undertaken by George Schaller in 1959. Troops also include several other young males, some females, and their offspring. The mountain gorilla is a sub-species of the eastern gorilla. They will also feed on bark, roots, flowers, fruit and small insects. Mountain gorillas are endangered - there are an estimated 1,063 in the wild according to the latest census results (which come out every 5-10 years). The total population of mountain gorillas left in the world in estimated to be about 850. These gorillas live on the green, volcanic slopes of Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo—areas that have seen much human violence from which the gorillas have not escaped unscathed. Mountain gorillas spend much of their time eating. Most mountain gorillas can be found in West and Central Africa. Mountain gorillas have longer hair and shorter arms than their lowland cousins. Within all these parks, the gorillas roam freely through the forest. Their main threat is poaching, civil wars, habitat loss, diseases, they are also sold as pets and animals for private zoos though conservation efforts have led to the increase of mountain gorillas.. If you have ever seen one up close at a zoo, their intelligence is just extraordinary. They live in family groups with several individuals. Female gorillas give birth to one infant after a pregnancy of nearly nine months. Today these great apes live in four gazetted national parks; Bwindi Impenetrable Forest in Uganda and three separate national parks the Virunga Mountains shared by Uganda, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda. The vegetation at the bottom of their mountain home is dense but becomes more sparse as they climb higher. Conservation. There are so many ways you can get involved in this noble cause and one of the best ways is to spread the world about the much needed conservation of our brotherly giants. Facts about Mountain Gorillas -Mountain Gorillas are the endangered primate species living in the dense tropical forests of Bwindi impenetrable forest and Mgahinga gorilla forest in south western Uganda, Bwindi impenetrable forest, harbours over half of the world population of the mountain gorillas and others can be seen in volcanoes national park in … Gorillas are primarily vegetarians and  believed to feed on up to 58 different types of plant species, including; leaves, roots, stems, ferns, flowers, thistles, bamboo shoots, and tree wood. Chief caretaker André Bauma and his team have hand-raised the gorillas since they were first brought to the center. Here are 5 facts about mountain gorilla to know. AROUND 1,063 EXIST IN THE WILDThere are two species of gorilla: eastern and western. Summer in Africa is here and to celebrate, Scorpion Kings (DJ Maphorisa and Kabza De Small) have teamed up with pioneering Afro-pop singer, TRESOR... 10 Interesting Things to Know About Mountain Gorillas, Ganvie: the City Lake Known as “Africa’s Venice”, Meet the Chimpanzees in the Wild of Africa, Exploring Uganda’s Top Primates – Gorillas, Chimps & Golden Monkeys. In the thick forests of central and west Africa, troops find plentiful food for their vegetarian diet. These are Uganda, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Here are a few interesting facts about mountain gorillas. Fruits, celery and Gallium vines and Senecio trees are their favorite foods. These great apes were discovered in the 1902 by a German hunter Robert Von Beringe who had gone on a hunting expedition into the tropical rain forests of Central Africa. Mountain gorillas live in east-central Africa in just two isolated groups – one in... 3. 1. Around 1,063 exist in the wild Mountain … The remaining population is distributed to the remnant three national parks in the Virungas. Humans share about 95- 99% DNA with the gorillas depending on what is included. Troops are led by one dominant, older adult male, often called a silverback because of the swath of silver hair that adorns his otherwise dark fur. Fully-grown male mountain gorillas can weigh up to 180 kg (400 lb). 17 Facts about Mountain Gorillas: There are several interesting things about gorillas and that’s why they are highly sought after by both the tourist and poachers. Those who challenge this alpha male are apt to be cowed by impressive shows of physical power. Mountain Gorillas Prefer Forests on Mountains Mountain Gorillas Range Map. The hike to the centre takes about 8 hours and departs daily from Kinigi park headquarters at 8.00Am. There are about a thousand mountain gorillas remaining on Earth, and about half live in the forests of the Virunga mountains in central Africa. Mountain Gorillas are one of nature’s largest primates! You have entered an incorrect email address! Young gorillas, from three to six years old, remind human observers of children. Mountain gorillas have been listed as endangered species but numbers are increasing with their protection. They live in two isolated groups © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- You can visit and see the remaining living population of the mountain gorillas on a gorilla safari through the three countries of Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo. The amazing efforts have led to the establishment of a safe gorilla haven in Africa. Western Gorillas live on the western side of the Congo River, while Eastern Gorillas inhabit the volcanic mountains on the eastern side. There is no single gorilla in captivity. Bwindi is a large ancient tropical rain forest in South Western Uganda stretching on over 336 square kilometres. They almost look exact inclusive of the thumbs and big toes. Though their population has been dwindling, several efforts have made the recovery of the gorilla population possible. Much of their day is spent in play, climbing trees, chasing one another, and swinging from branches. He may stand upright, throw things, make aggressive charges, and pound his huge chest while barking out powerful hoots or unleashing a frightening roar. This primatologist died on duty from the gunshots of poachers but her dream has lived on with the Dian Fossey Fund leading gorilla conservation in Africa. In captivity, gorillas have displayed significant intelligence and have even learned simple human sign language. At this mountain gorilla orphanage in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Virunga National Park rangers live around the clock with four young gorillas whose parents were killed. 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